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The Theory of Power

The Theory of Power involves five elements. One must employ all five elements of the Theory in order to have maximum power in one's techniques. Like the Tenets, they are listed here in no particular order: each element is just as important as every other. And, like the Tenets, the elements of power interact with each other and depend on each other. For example, if one does not have good concentration, one's equilibrium may suffer; and if one does not have good equilibrium, it can be difficult to employ reaction force or maintain speed.

Reaction force / Ban-dong-ryeok / 반동력

As an example, when performing a front punch with one arm, the other arm will perform an elbow strike to the rear.

Concentration / Jip-jung / 집중

One must concentrate on the target and the technique, otherwise some power will be lost. If one is thinking about other things, or is distracted by what is going on elsewhere, then power will suffer.

Equilibrium / Kyun-hyeong / 균형

One must have good equilibrium, otherwise some power will be lost while the body automatically struggles to maintain balance. Training in Tae Kwon Do has a natural tendency to improve one's balance.

Breath control / Ho-heup / 호흡

This often manifests itself as a yell / ki-hap / 기합, the goal of which is to tighten the diaphragm and other abdominal muscles and harness one's "ki" energy.

Speed / Sok-do / 속도

A technique must be done with speed to have good power. However, always remember that speed by itself does not equal power.

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